Ticks are active throughout most of the year, they become active from 8 degrees Celsius. However, tick high season is in spring, summer and autumn, during this time they wait in the damp grass or in the undergrowth for a suitable host (human, wild or even domestic animal) to pass by. Once it has found its host, it will search for a perfect location where it may quench its thirst for blood as quietly as possible in a location with the most delicate skin (e.g. groin, genital area, armpit, back of the knee). There is the possibility of getting infected with the TBE (Tick-borne encephalitis) virus as well as Lyme borreliosis (Lyme disease). However, only a small proportion of the ticks are actually carriers.
First of all, the tick should be removed calmly and carefully. There are special tick cards or tweezers that facilitate complete removal. The tick is grasped very close to the surface of the skin and then carefully pulled out as straight as possible. This prevents the head from tearing off and causing inflammation. After that, the puncture site should be immediately disinfected and further observed. If fever and/ or flu-like symptoms occurs within the next 7-14 days, consult a doctor immediately in order to rule out any infection. The most common sign of infection is an expanding red rash on the site where you were bitten.
Keep an eye on the rash to determine if it develops into something more serious.
If you live in a risk area (the Robert Koch Institute updates its map with "high-risk" locations on a regular basis), you can get the tick vaccination, but not during pregnancy.
When strolling through the forest while pregnant or not yet vaccinated, it is advisable to wear long trousers and light but arm-covering clothing. This makes it more difficult for the tick to "jump," and it's also a good idea to wear white or light-colored clothing to help identify them. There is also the option of using a fluid or spray to protect yourself from insect and tick bites.
I always recommend taking a photo of the bite and comparing it after a few days with a new photo. This would allow a change in the bite to be clearly recognized in the upcoming weeks.
If a tick has chosen your baby as its host, follow the steps above and photograph the puncture site. You can consult your trusted doctor at any time if you are unclear or concerned.
Antibodies that are already present in the mother (due to vaccination or illness) are passed on to her baby during pregnancy, and are also passed on through breast milk. For the first three months of life, the newborn has access to so-called nest protection.